Genomic studies often attempt to link natural genetic variation with important phenotypic variation. To succeed, robust and reliable phenotypic data, as well as curated genomic assemblies, are required. Wild sunflowers, originally from North America, are adapted to diverse and often extreme environments and have historically been a widely used model plant system for the study of population genomics, adaptation, and speciation. Moreover, cultivated sunflower, domesticated from a wild relative (Helianthus annuus) is a global oil crop, ranking fourth in production of vegetable oils worldwide. Public availability of data resources both for the plant research community and for the associated agricultural sector, are extremely valuable. We have created HeliantHOME (http://www.helianthome.org),
a curated, public, and interactive database of phenotypes including developmental, structural and
environmental ones, obtained from a large collection of both wild and cultivated sunflower individuals. Additionally, the database is enriched with external genomic data and results of genome-wide association studies. Finally, being a community open-source platform, HeliantHOME is expected to expand as new knowledge and resources become available.