Protein thermostability is important in many areas of biotechnology, including enzyme engineering and protein-hybrid optoelectronics. Ever-growing protein databases and information on stability at different temperatures allow the training of machine learning models to predict whether proteins are thermophilic. In silico predictions could reduce costs and accelerate the development process by guiding researchers to more promising candidates. Existing models for predicting protein thermophilicity rely mainly on features derived from physicochemical properties. Recently, modern protein language models that directly use sequence information have demonstrated superior performance in several tasks. In this study, we evaluate the usefulness of protein language model embeddings for thermophilicity prediction with ProLaTherm, a Protein Language model-based Thermophilicity predictor. ProLaTherm significantly outperforms all feature-, sequence- and literature-based comparison partners on multiple evaluation metrics. In terms of the Matthew’s correlation coefficient, ProLaTherm outperforms the second-best competitor by 18.1% in a nested cross-validation setup. Using proteins from species not overlapping with species from the training data, ProLaTherm outperforms all competitors by at least 9.7%. On these data, it misclassified only one nonthermophilic protein as thermophilic. Furthermore, it correctly identified 97.4% of all thermophilic proteins in our test set with an optimal growth temperature above 70°C.
Prof. Dr. Dominik Grimm,
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jakob Burger
Berechtigungen: Peer Reviewed
Convex Envelope Method for determining liquid multi-phase equilibria in systems with arbitrary number of components (2023) Computers and Chemical Engineering .
The determination of liquid phase equilibria plays an important role in chemical process simulation. This work presents a generalization of an approach called the convex envelope method (CEM), which constructs all liquid phase equilibria over the whole composition space for a given system with an arbitrary number of components. For this matter, the composition space is discretized and the convex envelope of the Gibbs energy graph is computed. Employing the tangent plane criterion, all liquid phase equilibria can be determined in a robust way. The generalized CEM is described within a mathematical framework and it is shown to work numerically with various examples of up to six components from the literature.
Beiträge zu wissenschaftlicher Konferenz/Tagung
Prof. Dr. Dominik Grimm
AlphaZero-type algorithms may stop improving on single-player tasks in case the value network guiding the tree search is unable to approximate the outcome of an episode sufficiently well. One technique to address this problem is transform- ing the single-player task through self-competition. The main idea is to com- pute a scalar baseline from the agent’s historical performances and to reshape an episode’s reward into a binary output, indicating whether the baseline has been exceeded or not. However, this baseline only carries limited information for the agent about strategies how to improve. We leverage the idea of self-competition and directly incorporate a historical policy into the planning process instead of its scalar performance. Based on the recently introduced Gumbel AlphaZero (GAZ), we propose our algorithm GAZ ‘Play-to-Plan’ (GAZ PTP), in which the agent learns to find strong trajectories by planning against possible strategies of its past self. We show the effectiveness of our approach in two well-known combina- torial optimization problems, the Traveling Salesman Problem and the Job-Shop Scheduling Problem. With only half of the simulation budget for search, GAZ PTP consistently outperforms all selected single-player variants of GAZ.
Wir verwenden Cookies. Einige sind notwendig für die Funktion der Webseite, andere helfen uns, die Webseite zu verbessern. Um unseren eigenen Ansprüchen beim Datenschutz gerecht zu werden, erfassen wir lediglich anonymisierte Nutzerdaten mit „Matomo“. Um unser Internetangebot für Sie ansprechender zu gestalten, binden wir außerdem externe Inhalte unserer Social-Media-Kanäle ein.